Civil Rights Law
The United States was founded on the idea that all people can come to a new land and be free to live, work, and pursue happiness in the way they see fit. The authors of the Constitution therefore created the Bill of Rights, which, along with the amendments that followed, give us civil liberties which form the basis of our civil rights law as it exists today.
One incredibly important area of law is Civil Law. Civil law guarantees American citizens the right to seek compensation and resolution for interpersonal damages. It is the body of law that helps to regulate ordinary, or every-day matters. Compare this to laws that regulate political or criminal matters. For instance, criminal laws are considered to be crimes that harm society, and the consequence of which is usually a fine, often with jail time. Civil law, conversely is meant to help settle disputes between individuals, and the end goal is often monetary compensation.
Examples of civil disputes include:
- Disputes over contracts and the breach of contracts
- Recovering of debts
- Defamation, like libel and slander
- Situations where one party’s negligence has caused someone else loss
- Family disputes such as care of children and division of relationship property.